Use these handy guides to help you buy the right product, the right way.
At Gettington, we want to make sure you’re totally satisfied with the products you purchase from us. That’s why we want to arm you with the best information possible while you’re shopping.
Some of the thousands of items we offer are a bit more specific or technical in nature, and that’s why we offer you these handy product buying guides, to help you make the right choice every time.
Just click on the category you’re shopping in, and see the information provided by our team of experts to help you make your purchase fit your specific needs.
Since ancient times magical powers have been associated with gemstones. Many people believed they possessed special powers to heal, tell the future and even insure the love of another. The following is a list of our most popular gemstones with a brief description, care guide and a bit of folklore about the gem.
||Amethyst is the traditional birthstone for February. Amethyst can be found in shades of purple, lilac or mauve but can show a bluish or reddish purple tinge when viewed from different angles.|
|Lore||This stone was traditionally worn to guard against drunkenness and to instill a sober and serious mind. Greeks were known to drink wine from goblets carved from amethyst believing that it would prevent them from becoming drunk. It was also thought to bring the wearer happiness, beauty, good fortune and love.|
|Enhancements||Most amethysts are treated with heat to permanently improve their color or to remove a "smoky" look.|
|Care & Cleaning||A fairly durable gem, you can clean this stone with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Aquamarine is the traditional birthstone for March. Aquamarine is found in a range of blue and blue green shades from pale to dark and can change to almost colorless when viewed from different angles.|
|Lore||This gem was thought to bring its wearers knowledge, foresight and inspiration. Rumored to prevent aging, aquamarines have been used to cure everything from hiccups to laziness.|
|Enhancements||Most aquamarines are heat-treated to intensify their blue hue.|
|Care & Cleaning||A fairly durable stone, aquamarine can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine. Keep it away from harsh chemicals.|
||Onyx is a variety of the chalcedony stone. Although it occurs naturally in black, it is generally dyed black to improve its color. It is also found in many other colors as well as white and brown.|
|Lore||The stone is believed to cool the yearnings and desires of love and increase happiness and intuition.|
|Enhancements||Onyx stones are always permanently dyed black.|
|Care & Cleaning||These stones are durable and can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Sea Blue is the color used for birthdays in the month of December. Blue Topaz is one of December’s traditional birthstones, as is blue zircon. Topaz comes in many different colors including light blue, pink, yellow, red and green. The most popular color is an enhanced blue.|
|Lore||This gorgeous gemstone was said to act as a protector and make the wearer invisible in emergencies, cure insanity and give the wearer fidelity and strength.|
|Enhancements||Nearly all blue topaz is treated with heat and is safely irradiated to permanently enrich its color.|
|Care & Cleaning||These stones are hard but not tough. Stones that are irradiated longer to achieve a darker blue color can become more brittle. Use caution against sharp blows when wearing these gems. You can safely clean this stone with a soft brush and warm soapy water or a jewelry cleaning solution.|
||Grey to greenish yellow quartz, cat’s-eye has the same properties as the Tiger Eye. Its main distinguishing characteristic is the chatoyancy. From the French word for "cat" or to glow like a cat’s eye. This is far more distinctive in the cat’s eye stone.|
|Lore||This stone is said to bring good fortune and good luck. Many claim it brings serenity and happiness, along with optimism and generosity. Cat’s eye can enhance creativity and kindness. Like the Tiger Eye, it is also a stone of protection.|
|Enhancements||These stones may be heated, dyed or bleached to enhance their color.|
|Care & Cleaning||A fairly durable gem, cats eye can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||A golden yellow color is used for birthdays in the month of November. The citrine gemstone can be found in light yellow to dark amber tones. Yellow Topaz is another gem sometimes used and easily confused with the less expensive citrine.|
|Lore||In ancient times, citrine was thought of as a gift of the sun and believed to be a powerful antidote to a viper’s venom. Citrines were believed to symbolize happiness as well as aid in digestion and remove toxins from the body.|
|Enhancements||Virtually all citrines are treated with heat to change their color permanently.|
|Care & Cleaning||A durable gemstone which can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Cubic Zirconia is a synthetic gemstone used to imitate diamonds. In 1976, the manufacturing process was perfected to create inexpensive quantities. Cubic zirconia as been the most popular imitation diamond that can be produced in a variety of colors. Cubic zirconias are typically flawless, as they’re engineered in the lab rather than formed by nature.|
|History||Cubic Zirconia was discovered in its natural state in 1937 by two German mineralogists. It wasn’t until the mid 1970’s that Soviet scientists learned how to grow the crystals in the laboratory.|
|Enhancements||These stones may be heated, dyed or bleached to enhance their color.|
|Care & Cleaning||These stones need regular cleaning to maintain their sparkle. These stones are very durable and can be cleaned with warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution and/or cleaning machine.|
||Colorless stones are used for birthdays in the month of April. While diamonds come in many colors of the rainbow, even black, it is the dazzling colorless diamond that is the traditional stone for April. White topaz and cubic zirconia have often been used as the modern, less expensive stone for April. The traditional symbol of love since ancient Greek times, the diamond is the most brilliant gemstone and the hardest substance in the world. Diamonds have been the most desired stone for more than 6,000 years. Pure carbon, diamonds are one of the earth’s most common and oldest elements.|
|Lore||In ancient times, diamonds were thought to be pieces of stars that had fallen to Earth and the wearer of these stones would possess superior strength and power. This beautiful fiery gem was thought to have special powers of keeping the flame of everlasting love. Many Egyptians thought the third finger of the left hand contained a vein which ran directly to one’s heart; thus began the tradition of the wedding ring placed on this finger. Today, as in ancient times, the diamond is still recognized as a symbol of love and betrothal.|
|Enhancements||Gettington does not use any enhanced, laser-drilled, or fracture-filled diamonds in our jewelry selection.|
|Care & Cleaning||These stones may be the hardest substance on earth but can still be damaged if hit hard. Use a soft brush and warm water with a mild, sudsy ammonia solution to clean. A jewelry cleaner with a special jewelry cleaning solution may also be used.|
||Emerald is the traditional birthstone for May. Emeralds come in shades of bright lime green to dark grass green but they are rarely flawless. This requires special care on the part of the owner.|
|Lore||According to legend, wearing an emerald was said to soothe the eyes, cure a low I.Q. and even help with infertility. It is known as the "queen of gems" and treasured since ancient times. This vibrant green stone has long been regarded for its powers to protect the wearer from the perils of long journeys and for its ability to reveal true love. In some families, emerald jewelry is given to a mother following the birth of a new son.|
|Enhancements||Most emeralds are enhanced with colorless oil. Occasionally some may have wax or resin used to improve the color. Because of their delicate nature, special care is needed.|
|Care & Cleaning||Emerald is a hard gem that resists surface wear, but it may be chipped easily if dropped or struck. These stones require special care. Never expose them to harsh chemicals, jewelry cleaners or heat. Never bathe or shower while wearing your emerald. Gentle scrubbing with warm soapy water is the safest way to clean an emerald. Never use a jewelry cleaning machine or jewelry cleaner to clean your emerald.|
||Garnet in dark vibrant red is the traditional birthstone for January. Shades can vary from a brown red to a raspberry red as in the Rhodolite or Almandine garnet. The most popular color is a beautiful, deep dark red.|
|Lore||At one time, garnets, especially the red varieties, were believed to have great healing power. It was believed that the wearer of garnets was kept in good health and protected while traveling. Garnets are worn to signify truth and faith and are symbolic of love and devotion.|
|Enhancements||These stones are rarely ever treated.|
|Care & Cleaning||A fairly durable gem, garnets can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Jade is found in a variety of colors including purple and red, as well as the well-known shade of dark green. The most common colors are shades of green, lavender and rose. Jade has a long history in China, where it is still revered and important in the culture.|
|Lore||In some cultures, jade has been used as a cure for kidney ailments. The royal stone of ancient China, this opaque gem was said to represent love and virtue and bring good luck. Early texts reveal that the symbol for king was a string of jade beads, and to this day, jade beads still signify high rank and authority.|
|Enhancements||Jade is usually dyed, heated or impregnated with wax to improve color and appearance.|
|Care & Cleaning||These stones are durable and can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Moissanite created by Charles & Colvard is a stunning new jewel that has fire, brilliance, luster and incredible hardness unlike any jewel you’ve ever seen. Near colorless, created Moissanite has very similar physical properties to those of diamond. All Moissanite comes with a Certificate of Authenticity and Limited Lifetime Warranty.|
|History||Created exclusively by Charles & Colvard from naturally occurring crystals, Moissanite is a lab-created diamond with unique brilliance, fire and hardness like no other manmade jewel. It features many of the same chemical structures of real diamonds.|
|Enhancements||Gettington does not use any enhanced, laser-drilled, or fracture-filled moissanites in our jewelry selection.|
|Care & Cleaning||Because Moissanite closely resembles the diamond in appearance and structural properties, the same care information applies. Use a soft brush and warm water with a mild, sudsy ammonia solution. A jewelry cleaning machine with a special jewelry cleaning solution may also be used.|
|Mystic Topaz/Mystic Fire
||Referred to as Mystic Topaz or Mystic Fire, this gem has a metallic green-blue, purple luster like no other. This stone is actually a genuine white topaz or a genuine quartz that has been color-coated and heated to create these amazing colors. Many other variations of this process create a wide variety of colors such as our Rainbow Mist, Ecstasy Topaz and Neptune Topaz.|
|Enhancements||Mystic Topaz/Fire is a genuine white topaz or quartz that is color-enhanced with a thin film of Titanium. Although fairly durable, Mystic Topaz/Fire should be given the same care as pearls and opals.|
|Care & Cleaning||A soft brush and warm soapy water may be used. DO NOT use a jewelry cleaner or cleaning machine.|
||Pink (tourmaline) is traditionally the color used for birthdays in the month of October but opals are also a popular choice. The opal’s special ability to display a rainbow of colors called "fire" makes it a favorite for many.|
|Lore||In ancient times, opal was considered one of the luckiest of gems, one that brought good fortune to its wearer. It was thought to increase the power of the mind and symbolize hope, innocence and purity.|
|Enhancements||Most opals are treated with a wax, oil or plastics to improve the play of color and to disguise or prevent cracking.|
|Care & Cleaning||Because opals are soft stones with a high water content, they need some special care. To protect opal jewelry from drying and cracking, occasionally wipe the surface with a light coating of oil (such as baby oil or olive oil), then remove any excess. Never soak an opal for any length of time. The liquid will seep into the stone and seriously reduce or destroy the play of color. Do not wear opal jewelry during any activity that might expose the stones to a sharp blow or rough treatment, such as housework, vigorous sports or yard work. Warm water and mild soap is a safe way to clean an opal. See Jewelry Care Tips for additional information.|
||Traditionally, Alexandrite, a purplish gray stone, is the birthstone for June. However, because of its short supply, these stones have become exceedingly rare and expensive. Smokey Quartz is a popular alternative, as is the Pearl.
Pearls – "jewels of the sea" – are found in the calm waters surrounding Japan and China. Almost all pearls sold today are cultured pearls. Men assist in the oyster’s natural process by implanting a tiny bead in the oyster’s tissue. Then the "mother oysters" are treated to the ideal pearl-growing conditions in pearl farms.
|Lore||Once thought to be the tears of gods, the pearl was also believed to aid in one’s health, purity, modesty and virtue. They were also thought to possess life-restoring powers.|
|Enhancements||Commonly dyed or bleached.|
|Care & Cleaning||Do not wear while applying cosmetics, hair sprays or perfume. Do not use ultrasonic or any chemical cleaners. Wipe with a damp cloth or use mild soap but do not soak. Soaking in water may loosen glue commonly used to secure pearl to settings.|
||Peridot is the traditional birthstone for the month of August. The presence of iron in the stone gives it the distinctive bottle green or olive color.|
|Lore||Mystics have claimed that this lustrous green stone drives away evil spirits and has special healing properties. Many people used these stones in religious jewelry for that purpose. This soft green gem was also worn as a source for happiness, warmth and friendship.|
|Enhancements||Peridot is not normally enhanced.|
|Care & Cleaning||Use a soft brush with warm soapy water. DO NOT use an ultrasonic cleaner.|
||Ruby is the traditional birthstone for July. From shades of pinkish red to purplish red, rubies are one of the most valuable gemstones in the world. Ruby is one of the hardest and most durable gems.|
|Lore||A prized possession of kings and queens throughout the ages, the ruby has been known for centuries as a symbol of love and immortality. It was also believed to have great powers and to control one’s passions and thoughts. The ruby is also used in some families to celebrate the birth of a daughter.|
|Enhancements||Nearly all rubies are enhanced using heat, to permanently improve their color. Surface breaks and fractures are commonly filled with a glass-like by-product.|
|Care & Cleaning||Rubies are a durable gemstone and you can clean this stone with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||Blue Sapphire is the traditional birthstone for the month of September. Although the sapphire comes in many colors, the most popular and valuable is the clear deep blue. Sapphires are the second-hardest substance (next to diamonds) which makes them perfect for any type of jewelry.|
|Lore||Blue Sapphire was honored above all other gems by ancient priests and sorcerers, for this stone enabled them to foretell the future. The sapphire was once worn by the world’s most famous emperors and kings to protect themselves from harm and envy; it was even thought to give them wisdom.|
|Enhancements||Virtually all sapphires are treated with heat to improve their appearance.|
|Care & Cleaning||A durable gemstone which can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution, and/or a jewelry cleaning machine|
||Colors vary from dark tones of black and brown, green and the traditional sapphire blue. Characterized by its 6 rayed star which are cause by needle like inclusions that reflect and scatter light.|
|Lore||Some traditions say that the star sapphire is a "stone of destiny". That the star acts as a guiding light and protects against evil. The three intersecting lines representing Faith, Hope and Destiny.|
|Enhancements||These stones may be heated, dyed or oiled to enhance their color.|
|Care & Cleaning||Star sapphire stones can be cleaned with a jewelry cleaning solution or a soft brush and warm soapy water. Avoid jewelry cleaning machines.|
||Tanzanite is only mined in Tanzania and has been gaining popularity in recent years. This exotic stone is a purplish blue with flashes of violet.|
|Enhancements||Tanzanite is almost always heated to improve its color. This is a soft gem that requires special care.|
|Care & Cleaning||These gemstones can fracture easily due to a sudden blow or extreme temperature change. The safest way to clean this stone is with a soft brush and warm soapy water.|
||Varying colors in warm earth tones but the most common tiger eye is brown and gold. Its main distinguishing characteristic is the wavy eye like effect called chatoyancy. From the French word for "cat" or to glow like a cat’s eye.|
|Lore||Roman soldiers wore tiger eye stones for protection in battle. Tiger Eye was thought to see all due to its eye appearance. It is thought to be good at helping to focus the mind. It is said that Tiger Eye offers protection during travel. It also known to bring clear thinking and insight.|
|Enhancements||These stones may be heated, dyed or bleached to enhance their color.|
|Care & Cleaning||A durable gem, tiger eye stones can be cleaned with a soft brush and warm soapy water, a jewelry cleaning solution and/or a jewelry cleaning machine.|
||One of the first gemstones to be mined by early Egyptians, these stones can vary in color from solid light sky blue to shades of mottled green. Commonly made into beads or carvings, turquoise is found in silver jewelry today.|
|Lore||Once thought to have the powers to warn the wearer of danger or illness by changing its color.|
|Enhancements||It is common practice to enhance turquoise with plastic or wax impregnation and dyes to seal this porous stone, deepen its color, and improve the durability.|
|Care & Cleaning||Use a soft brush and warm soapy water. DO NOT use a jewelry cleaning machine.|
The chart below lists the weight ranges that correspond to the size designations stated for our diamond jewelry.
Diamond accent: Item contains one or more diamonds and total weights may vary between .005 and .08 carat.
We generally show our diamonds enlarged to show detail.
The chart below provides an overview of the Diamond Quality Color and Clarity Scales.
Reference the chart below for both our genuine and synthetic birthstone jewelry. Genuine gemstones are listed by birth month; synthetic birthstones are also colored as shown. See individual product descriptions for details and exceptions.
Gold has long been treasured for its beauty and symbol of enduring love. It has a timeless appeal that has been cherished for thousands of years. A metal which sparks an emotional attachment, gold is the most desired choice for jewelry that will be passed from generation to generation.
All gold is not the same. Because gold in its pure form of 24K is very soft, it is combined with other metals or "alloys" to make it stronger and more durable. The fineness of gold is based on the amount of pure gold and the alloy mixed with it. 14K gold is 58.5% pure gold or roughly 14 parts gold and 10 parts alloy.
Remember to clean your gold jewelry regularly. Pure gold will neither rust nor tarnish but the other metals mixed in with the alloy will do so over time and in humid weather. See Jewelry Cleaning tips for the best ways to care for your jewelry.
Less expensive, alternative types of Gold jewelry include:
Gold Filled: The jewelry is not actually filled but is made of base metal (usually brass or copper) then covered by sheets of gold in 10K gold (or better) by a mechanical bonding process.
Gold Plated: Gold plated jewelry is made up of a metal base with a coating of at least 10K gold applied to the outside surface. Gold plated jewelry does have a limited life span.
Gold over Sterling Silver: A piece of sterling silver jewelry that has a layer of gold deposited by a chemical or electro chemical process. The inside core is sterling silver and the outside is a coating of gold.
Goldtone/Silvertone: The plating solution used over a base metal and has no gold or silver content at all, only the color. Moderate to heavy use of a goldtone or silvertone item can cause it to loose its outer coating exposing the base metal.
Sterling silver jewelry is beautiful, affordable and a good alternative to gold jewelry. Plus, it is within reach of nearly any budget.
Sterling silver is not 100% pure silver, only 92.5%. Just like gold, an alloy (usually 7.5% copper) is needed to add hardness to silver. This creates a tendency for silver jewelry to tarnish. Always try to avoid exposing sterling silver to harsh chemicals such as chlorine, cosmetics, hairspray and perfume.
Body oils actually help prevent tarnishing so sterling silver jewelry that is worn more often won’t tarnish as quickly.
The easiest way to prevent silver from tarnishing is to keep the jewelry in cloth pouches when not in use. A simple plastic zip lock bag used for storing food will also work. The point is to keep all of the air, light and moisture off of silver. The easiest way to remove tarnish on silver is with a polishing cloth.
You can also make your own cleaner by putting 2 tablespoons of baking soda and 2 tablespoons of salt in an aluminum pan or aluminum-lined bowl. Add hot water, mix it up and drop in your tarnished silver. A "magical" chemical removes the tarnish. Then, rinse and wipe dry.
Developed as the material used in making a better cutting tool for steel, tungsten carbide’s permanent attributes deem it to be the hardest metal on the planet. Tungsten carbide is four times harder than titanium and twice as hard as steel.
Today, tungsten carbide is used throughout the world. Although its primary application is in the mechanical industry, it is quickly gaining popularity as a durable, long-lasting material used in jewelry.
Tungsten carbide jewelry is so hard that the only way to scratch it is with a diamond or mineral corundum product. It is the ONLY jewelry that is this hard. Also, because it is so hard, it will never lose its luster so you will never have to polish tungsten carbide jewelry. Due to the unique properties in tungsten carbide rings, they cannot be resized.
Stainless steel is a metal that has been used for a long time by companies for many purposes like in the fabrication of kitchen appliances. It is also used for watches and now, for jewelry.
It is often chosen by many manufacturers because it is a very strong, solid and durable metal that will not rust.
For these same reasons, stainless steel is now popular in the making of jewelry. It will not tarnish or discolor your skin.
It is perfect for those who prefer the silver color but dislike the discoloration properties of silver and it is less expensive than white gold.
It is also used by many people who love silver but have allergic reactions. Not all steel jewelry is hypo-allergenic though. It has to be the type that is made with surgical steel.
From golf clubs to space crafts, titanium is often the metal of choice. It is amazingly strong yet light weight and non-corrosive. It is also extremely hypo-allergenic so most people can wear it without suffering from skin irritations.
Titanium is generally impervious to acids, salt water and other normally corrosive materials. For all these reasons, titanium is now a very popular jewelry material.
Unlike rings made of precious metals, which can easily be sized up or down, titanium is very difficult to resize. Most jewelers do not have the ability to resize titanium.
When polished, titanium has a rich charcoal-look. It is not as white as silver; it’s actually closer to a surgical steel-look. Titanium is highly dent and bend-resistant. Scratches that may occur over a long period of use may be easily polished off. Titanium is cool to the touch and very lightweight.
The most effective way to keep your jewelry looking like new is to take care of it. Store it in a dry place, clean it correctly and keep it away from harmful chemicals. Find a reputable jeweler who can repair fine jewelry. Have your fine jewelry pieces checked for wear and damage. Even the finest quality jewelry, made by the best jeweler, can wear down over the years.
Your daily grooming habits can actually be bad for your jewelry. Avoid contact with hairspray, moisturizer, perfume and make-up. These products contain chemicals that not only leave a film on your jewelry, but some can actually discolor it. The best prevention is to remember this rule of thumb: "Your jewelry should always be the last thing you put on before you start your day and the first thing to come off when you arrive home".
Remove your jewelry, especially your rings, before doing house or yard work. Many common household cleaners contain chemicals that can discolor and even damage your jewelry.
Never wear your jewelry when using chlorine bleach or swimming in a chlorinated pool or hot tub. It can destroy your jewelry. It will turn Sterling Silver black from the chemical reaction and can strip gold plating right off. It can eat through any solder joints and weaken prongs.
Never use toothpaste to clean your jewelry. You may see this recommendation on many websites and in magazines but it is not an accepted practice in the jewelry industry. Toothpaste actually contains an abrasive which is good for removing plaque from your teeth but can scratch your jewelry and precious gemstones.
Never put chains or bracelets in your pocket. Always remove them before showering, bathing or swimming. Never wear them to bed. To prevent necklaces from tangling, store long chains by hanging them.
- Proper Storage
Place your jewelry in a felt-lined jewelry box. Try not to just toss items in together but gently place them in their separate areas. Do not overcrowd your jewelry box. Gold and silver jewelry can scratch easily when rubbed against each other. Silver is best stored in felt pouches or small re-sealable plastic bags. This helps to keep them from oxidizing and getting scratched.
Cleaning Your Jewelry
Not all jewelry is created the same so be sure to clean it properly or you could ruin the piece.
Most fine gold jewelry can be cleaned safely with mild dishwashing liquid, warm water and an old soft toothbrush. Use a clean bowl and soak the item(s) for 10 to 20 minutes.
Thoroughly, but gently, brush the top, sides and bottom of the piece with a soft brush to remove the softened residue. For gemstones, you should also brush the underside of the stone. Use a toothpick to reach crevices and other hard-to-reach areas.
Check to make sure no stones have fallen out in your cleaning solution. Rinse with clean water either in a fine mesh strainer or in a sink where you can close off the drain.
If all of the residue has not been removed, repeat the above steps as needed.
Pat it dry with a clean, lint-free cloth. If you are planning on storing the items immediately after cleaning, you will need to let them dry completely before storing.
*****Costume or fashion jewelry with crystals or pearls should not be immersed in water.
- Jewelry Cleaners
If you are using a commercial jewelry cleaner, always follow the directions for that particular cleaning product. An inappropriate cleaner may actually damage stones or settings.
Ultrasonic jewelry cleaners are another option for many fine jewelry items. Follow the instructions carefully. Not all stones will be able to be cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner. These machines use ultrasonic technology to clean jewelry items.
They are ideal for cleaning gold jewelry as well as jewelry set with diamonds, rubies, and sapphires. Other non-porous stones may be put in the ultrasonic cleaner but be sure to check a jewelry care guide or with your local jeweler before cleaning.
Tarnishing, even on fine gold pieces, is possible. Gold in its pure state won’t tarnish but the alloys used in it will over time. Remember to clean it regularly. Gold should be cleaned with warm, soapy water and a soft cloth. Tarnishing in precious metals may be caused by a number of things:
- Moisture: tarnishing will happen more rapidly in areas where the weather is more humid or in coastal areas where sea salt is in the air.
- Perspiration: which is essentially rich in sodium chloride, a common salt, can cause tarnishing. Everyone’s body chemistry is different which is why even contact with your own skin can cause tarnishing. Some people may be more susceptible than others.
- Chemical agents: such as perfume, hair spray or deodorant sprays.
- Preparation of vegetables: onions and spices may contribute to tarnishing since many food items contain sulfur compounds while others are also acidic.
- Even the oxygen and sulfur compounds in the atmosphere can be sources of tarnishing.
Click the image aboove or here to open a printable PDF file.
To print the ring sizer above, be sure that your printer is set to 100%. You can verify that the sizer printed correctly by measuring it with a ruler; it should measure 3 ½ inches long from A to the point.
Once you have printed out the sizer, follow directions below to find your ring size:
- Cut out the ring sizer
- Cut a slit for Slot "A"
- With the numbers facing out, wrap the sizer around your finger at the largest point. Probably the knuckle.
- Pull the pointed end through Slot "A" until the sizer is snug.
- The number lined up with Slot "A" is your approximate ring size.
- If the measurement lands between two numbers your size is a half size. (Ex: Between 5 and 6 ring size: 5.5.) If half sizes are not available, order the next largest size.
Digital cameras have created a revolution in photography—and they’ve raised a lot of questions about how they work, what type to buy, and which one might be right for you. In this Gettington buying guide, we’ll give you some helpful tips and details to make an informed decision so you can purchase with confidence and have fun taking pictures!
You’ll see a lot of terms thrown around when shopping for digital cameras. Here are the key specs you should be aware of when choosing the model that fits your needs best.
How many megapixels? The number of megapixels a camera has determines the amount of resolution you have in your pictures. Or, to put it another way, megapixels determine how large or small you can display or print your photos. How many megapixels should you get in your camera? It depends, a good rule of thumb is to get megapixels in the 7 to 12 range. Most digital cameras today have plenty of high resolution so you don’t need to worry about enough megapixels. You may need to worry, though, about too many, since the larger file sizes can result in slower shooting for point-and-shoot models. Getting more megapixels than you need, of course, will cost a little extra, too.
Got enough memory? High-megapixel cameras can take wonderful shots, but they also eat up a lot of memory. Memory, of course, is the storage capacity within your camera, or on the memory cards you insert into your camera. Flash memory cards are the most popular and come in various sizes and capacities. When you buy your camera, consider the type of media it uses; sometimes it will be the same type used on an MP3 player or PDA that you own, so there could be some added convenience there. It’s also a good idea to buy extra memory cards for yourself, so you’re never prevented from taking shots, or to give to others using the camera so each person can keep track of their own.
Optical vs. digital zoom? First, an explanation of these tricky and often misunderstood terms: Optical zoom uses the lens (optics) of a camera to bring a subject closer. Digital zoom is an invention of digital cameras. Strictly speaking, it is not even really a zoom feature; it’s simply a digital enlarging of a portion of an image that "simulates" optical zoom. With optical zoom, you won’t see any image quality tradeoffs, whereas with digital zoom, since you’re simply enlarging pixels already present, you’ll see an increasing decline in the image quality as you go larger. That doesn’t make your camera’s digital zoom a bad thing; it’s a handy feature to use in the camera for certain shots and moments, and you can also create the same digital zooming effect using image editing software on your computer. Just be aware of the difference in the two types of zoom, and make sure, when purchasing, that your selected camera has enough optical zoom to suit your needs.
Capturing video and sound? Many digital cameras let you grab some short videos in addition to the still shots they take, but it’s a handy way to capture some moments in motion for viewing later. If you think you’d like this feature, and don’t have a videocam, or don’t want to haul it around, then you might want to pick up a digital camera that lets you shoot video.
Need image stabilization? Also known as "anti-shake", image stabilization (IS) helps prevent blurred images. It reduces the vibration caused when you shake or quickly move the camera, or when using slow shutter speeds, or when you using a long telephoto lens. A tripod can also help reduce blurring, but often you don’t have one with you, so IS is a nice feature to have. Handheld shots can be taken almost two stops slower with IS, which can really help when you’re in low light situations or using long telephoto lenses.
What is LCD? On the back of most digital cameras you’ll find an LCD panel, which is your guide to taking digital shots. It frames your photos like a viewfinder, and lets you see your recorded images after you take them. The LCD panel also displays the camera’s menus and settings. Some LCD monitors swivel and tilt, making it easier to view and operate. Today’s LCDs can get quite large, so they’re more readily visible.
Accessorizing? Digital camera accessories run the gamut, from bags and batteries to memory cards, docking stations for your computer, tripods, and much more. Gettington offers several optional accessories that can enhance your photography experience. Check them out and choose the ones that fit your needs best.
When all is said and done, there’s a ton of digital camera information out there, so we hope this guide is helpful in educating you on the essentials and narrowing your choices. Here’s a handy checklist to use when it comes to the final decision:
- Buy the camera with the highest resolution you can afford, at least 4-6 megapixels if possible.
- Get a camera that gives you all the memory you need—both built-in memory, which lets you store more right in the camera, as well as removable memory, so you have the maximum capacity you need.
- Optical zoom is likely to be the feature you use the most, so get a camera that has all the optical zoom you’ll need, and compare optical vs. digital zoom for the best combination.
- Flash modes vary by camera. Compare each camera’s flash capability and get the type of flash that will work best for the majority of shots you’ll take.
- Recognition modes such as Face Recognition are available on many cameras. If those are valuable to you, be sure to check for them in the camera’s description.
- Look at each camera’s viewfinder and choose the style you’ll be most comfortable with. Point and shoot cameras don’t offer TTL (through the lens) viewing, but some do have optical viewfinders, so choose accordingly.
- You may or may not want these features (some get pretty tech-y), but find out about stuff like autofocus, macro focus (for close-ups), shutter-release lag times (timers so you can get in the picture), camera start-up time, and image editing software bundles that are available, or included, with your camera purchase.
- Additional features to consider include: Interchangeable lenses (usually requiring a Digital SLR camera), steady-shot (a type of IS), burst mode, auto and manual exposure, automatic white balance, voice memo, variable shutter speeds, manual focus, and self-timer.
- Look into the various options for batteries, chargers, battery-saving features, and AC power supplies. There’s nothing like a dead battery and no replacement handy to ruin a good photo op!
What are my storage options for digital cameras?
A digital camera’s memory card is like a roll of film. It stores your images until you’re ready to view them on your computer or print them out. Once your memory card is full, you can take it out of the camera and replace it with a new one, or you can delete your old photos from the card and start anew.
You can choose from a range of formats, like CompactFlash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital (SD), and xD picture cards. Memory cards are measured in megabytes. The more megabytes you have, the more pictures you can fit on the card. You can also fit more pictures on a card by reducing the quality of the images that you’re shooting.
Digital cameras generally come with minimal internal memory. It’s a good idea to have memory cards on hand so you can take more pictures. Just as you wouldn’t go on vacation with just one roll of film, so you shouldn’t pack just one memory card.
Approximate number of photos
Approximate number of songs (4 min song)
MP3 (128 kbps)
Approximate number of video minutes
Before you buy a camera, carefully consider the type of media that it takes, as you may own (or plan to buy) an MP3 player, PDA, or other device that takes the same kind of card. You can save a few bucks by thinking ahead.
Important Considerations for Buying a Television
Choosing a television used to be a fairly simple task based largely on screen size and a few other desirable features. Since the advent of digital TV, however, you have a lot more features to choose from, including many features that you may not be familiar with. Using this buying guide as you step through the selection process will help you narrow your choices and make informed decisions that are right for you. The most important considerations when buying a new TV are type (CRT, LCD or plasma), screen size, tuner type(s) and signal support. Once you have those options pinned down, consider what other features you need or want, including picture quality features, connections, convenience features and sound features.
Features for sports fans
If you want to watch two games at once or check another channel without missing any of the action, look for two-tuner picture-in-picture. And to bring the roar of the crowd to life in your living room, check for simulated surround sound.
Features for gamers
Gamers should look for video jacks on the front or side of the TV for easy connection to gaming consoles. For LCD TVs, look for a fast response time (measured in milliseconds) to reduce image blur and lag time. Avoid plasma TVs due to potential screen burn-in issues.
One of the first choices you’ll likely make when buying a new TV is whether to buy a CRT TV or a flat-panel TV. While flat-panel TVs take up a lot less room than CRT TVs, CRT TVs generally cost less and offer lots of other benefits. If you decide on a flat-panel TV, you’ll have a further choice between an LCD and a plasma TV.
Most people prefer a bigger screen when buying a new TV, but you should consider the size of the room the TV will be in, as well as how close to the TV you plan to sit and at what angles. You will also have to decide whether you want a 16:9 widescreen aspect ratio.
Room size and viewing distance
4:3 is the traditional, standard aspect ratio, and 16:9 is a widescreen aspect ratio. The 4:3 aspect ratio is perfect for watching local and network programming, while the 16:9 aspect ratio creates a display that is similar to theater screens and is ideal for watching movies and high-definition programming. The widescreen aspect ratio allows you to watch movies in their original format without cropping. Because high-definition content uses the 16:9 aspect ratio, most new TVs have a 16:9 aspect ratio and offer a 4:3 mode for optimal viewing of standard content.
Choosing the right tuner(s) and signal support can be one of the trickiest parts of choosing a new TV. See the descriptions below for an overview of the tuner(s) and signal support offered on different types of TVs. Keep in mind that different manufacturers may use different terminology to refer to their TVs, so what one manufacturer calls an HDTV may be an HD-ready TV with another manufacturer. Check to see which tuners are built in and what the maximum signal support is to be sure which type of TV you are looking at. All TVs are compatible with both cable and satellite service.
SDTV (standard-definition television)
Resolution/signal support. Resolution refers to the number of pixels per square inch in a TV screen. The more pixels, the higher the resolution and the better the picture quality. Signal support is based on horizontal lines of resolution. Standard analog TV is 420i, while high-definition signals are at least 720p. The i and p stand for interlaced and progressive scan.
Screen refresh rate. The screen refresh rate is the number of times per second that the picture is redrawn. 60Hz is the standard refresh rate, but some TVs now offer 120Hz and even 240Hz refresh rates to eliminate motion blur.
Progressive scan. Progressive-scan technology displays the entire picture in a single sweep, while interlaced scan scans every other image line and displays the picture in two fields. Progressive scan results in a smoother, more filmlike appearance. If you have a progressive-scan DVD player, you must also have a progressive-scan TV to take advantage of that feature.
Contrast. Contrast ratio is the difference between brightest white and darkest black the TV can display. The higher the contrast ratio, the more color detail you will see.
3:2 pulldown. 3:2 pulldown smoothes the picture out by correcting frame rate errors that occur when film is transferred to a different format. 3:2 pulldown is now included on most TVs and is a must-have for movie buffs.
Comb filter. Comb filters correct detail and color loss to enhance picture quality when your TV is hooked up using composite video connections. A comb filter is not used when your TV is hooked up via S-video or component video connections. The most common types of comb filter available today in order of increasing quality are 2-line digital, 3-line digital and 3-D digital.
Composite video. Standard video connection that uses an RCA-type connector.
S-video. Delivers separate color and black-and-white video signals to provide better picture quality than composite video connections.
Component video. Improves picture quality by splitting the video signal into three parts. Component video connections deliver better picture quality than composite video and S-video connections and are the only analog connections that can support high-definition signals.
HDMI (high-definition multimedia interface). HDMI provides the best quality audio and video transmission along one cable for a clutter-free connection and supports the transmission of copy-protected high-definition content.
Stereo audio. Standard left and right audio connections that use RCA-type connectors.
Digital audio. Optical (fiber optic) and coaxial digital audio connections offer better sound quality than stereo audio connections and support multichannel audio. Coaxial connections may also be called S/PDIF, while optical connections may be referred to as Toslink.
PC inputs. VGA (standard analog) and DVI (digital video interface) inputs let you use your TV as a monitor for your computer.
Ethernet. An Ethernet connection allows you to access available Internet content directly on your TV without connecting to your computer.
USB. Allows you to connect a variety of USB-enabled devices, such as MP3 players, camcorders and digital cameras.
IEEE 1394 (FireWire®). High-speed port that allows you to connect IEEE 1394 devices, such as digital camcorders.
Memory card slots. Memory card slots allow you to insert memory cards to play content, such as digital audio, video and still images, on your TV.
Front/side inputs. Front and side A/V inputs allow easy connection to devices that you don’t intend to leave hooked up permanently, such as video game consoles and camcorders.
Portability. Gettington offers small, fully portable TVs powered by rechargeable batteries for use everywhere from the campsite to the kitchen. But even standard TVs with smaller screen sizes can easily be moved from room to room to prevent you from having to buy a separate TV for every room. For maximum portability, look for screen sizes 20" and under and consider a flat-panel LCD TV rather than a bulkier CRT TV. Remember that today’s portable TVs offer convenience for taking TVs with you on the go, but the TV must be stationary to receive a broadcast signal.
Built-in DVD player or Blu-ray player. A built-in DVD player or Blu-ray player saves you from having to buy a separate video player and is easier to carry to other rooms than a TV plus another component.
Picture-in-picture. Picture-in-picture provides two or more viewing windows. In order to watch two TV programs at once, the TV needs to have two tuners. If it only has one tuner, the second picture will have to come from another source, such as a DVD player or video camera.
Alarm and sleep timers. Alarm and sleep timers let you set the TV to turn on or off after a certain amount of time, so you can wake to TV or watch as you doze off.
ENERGY STAR qualified. ENERGY STAR qualified products meet strict standards for energy efficiency, so you save money on your bills while you help save the planet.
V-Chip. All TVs with a 13" or larger screen have a V-Chip that allows parents to block access to TV programs based on the rating, such as TV-PG, TV-14 and TV-MA.
There are two important sound features to consider in making the right TV purchase.
Simulated surround sound. Simulated surround sound or virtual surround sound creates a surround sound effect using the TV’s built-in speakers.
Sound leveler. A sound leveler keeps the volume of your TV within a certain range regardless of how loud the source volume is, so you won’t get a big volume spike when a commercial comes on.
Now that you know a little bit more about the features available to you, you’re ready to explore the large selection of TVs Gettington has to offer and decide which TV is right for you.
Remember to start by narrowing your selection:
Type (CRT, LCD or plasma)
TV tuner(s) and signal support
From there, determine what other features you need and want, including features related to:
If you’re planning to use your new TV primarily for movies, sports or gaming, consider the following:
Movie lovers - Look for the highest resolution possible, a widescreen aspect ratio, 3:2 pulldown, progressive-scan technology and simulated surround sound.
Sports fans - Consider a plasma TV or an LCD TV with a 120Hz refresh rate. Also look for two-tuner picture-in-picture and simulated surround sound.
Gamers - Look for front/side video jacks and LCDs with a fast response time.
Important Considerations for Buying Entertainment Furniture
There are a variety of entertainment furniture and wall-mount options currently available for both flat-panel and CRT TVs that will not only provide a home for your TV but also add a stylish accent piece to your home décor. For a sleek look, consider a wall mount to display your flat-panel TV on a wall. CDs, DVDs, VHS tapes and other media also need storage, and the addition of a media cabinet to your media room will help keep those items organized. The most important factors to consider before buying are size and weight and which type of stand or mount you prefer. Other features to consider include material and finish, cable management and hardware and assembly, among others.
Bring the theater home
If you are creating your own personal theater, you’ll want to consider a stand that is designed to accommodate large screen sizes and has a high weight capacity for your big-screen TV. Also, look for additional storage for A/V components and media.
If you want to maximize space in your home, consider a wall mount to place your TV on the wall for a sleek look that is also a practical space saver. Wall-mounted storage units provide additional space for your media. A space-saving corner unit will let you display your TV in style without commanding a large portion of the room.
Keep your style
You love the style of your living room and don’t want the centerpiece to be a large TV and A/V components. By selecting A/V cabinets with doors and an armoire style TV stand, you can enclose your components behind doors for a sleek look that removes the TV from always being the main focus of the room.
TV stands and entertainment centers
Size of TV supported in inches and weight. The recommended capacity is the largest size and weight of TV that the stand can safely support. Your TV should be at or under the maximum weight and screen size recommended by the manufacturer.
Stand type. The next step is to determine whether you want a TV stand or an entertainment center. TV stands are usually smaller units with one or two shelves for storage and are designed to hold your TV and a couple of A/V components. Entertainment centers are larger units that are often combined with media storage to provide more storage for home theater components, media and decorative items.
Additional storage features. If you plan to create a home entertainment center for all of your home theater components, you’ll want to look for a storage solution with multiple shelves and/or drawers for components and media.
Media storage cabinets and wall units
If you are just looking for a place to store your DVDs or CDs or are looking to add an additional storage unit to an existing entertainment center, then a media storage cabinet or wall unit can provide a solution for your storage needs.
Number of CDs or DVDs stored. The main item to consider when purchasing a media storage cabinet or wall unit is the number of CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs and/or VHS tapes that can be stored in the unit. Most units can store a combination of media and the number of items held varies according to the type of media.
Wall-mounted or freestanding. Freestanding media storage cabinets provide storage for a large number of discs but also take up additional floor space in your home. Wall-mounted units can complement your wall-mounted TV and do not take up valuable real estate in your living room.
For a sleek look in your living room or media room, another option for placing your TV is to purchase a wall mount. Wall mounts allow you to eliminate the need for an additional piece of furniture. They also let you place your TV at a convenient height and angle for viewing throughout the room. While CRT TVs use shelf-style mounts, flat-panel TVs use VESA-compatible mounts that attach via a pattern of holes.
VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association). There are four mounting holes on the back of your flat-panel TV. The distance between these mounting holes determines the VESA compatibility of your TV. Most TV manuals will list the exact VESA compatibility for your TV, which includes the horizontal and vertical distance between mounting holes.
TV size and weight. Wall mounts for both CRT and flat-panel TVs have a maximum supported TV size and weight. You will need to select a mount that will fit the size and weight of your TV.
Corner. These TV stands are designed to fit into the corner of a room to save space. Most have minimal additional storage for components and media.
Console. These stands are designed to be placed against any wall and generally provide some storage for components and shelves for media.
Flat-panel stands. These stands are designed with an attached mount that lets you mount the TV to the back of the stand rather than placing it on top of the stand.
Wall units. Wall units combine an entertainment center console with additional storage towers for added storage of A/V components plus display space for decorative items.
Console. Console units are designed to be placed against any wall and have additional storage for components and shelves for media.
Wall-mounted units. These media shelves mount to the wall to provide additional storage for CDs, DVDs and other media without taking up additional floor space.
Storage towers. These freestanding storage shelves provide space for a large number of CDs, DVDs and/or other media. Some storage towers are designed to combine with entertainment center consoles to create a large media wall unit.
Media cabinets. Media cabinets provide storage for CDs, DVDs and other media while adding a stylish look to your décor. Some media cabinets have doors that conceal media for a streamlined look, while other media cabinets feature glass doors for easy visibility.
Platform/shelf. Platform or shelf wall-mount design is used for CRT TVs. The TV set rests on a shelf that is on top of the support arm attached to the wall. These mounts may be designed with an extra shelf to hold a TV plus an additional component, such as a cable box or DVD player.
Flat-panel LCD and plasma TVs These mounts feature a moveable arm that allows a variety of viewing angles for added flexibility. These mounts move side to side and also pan up and down for a variety of positions.
Tilt. Tilt mounts allow you to angle the TV up or down up to 15 degrees and some can be locked at certain settings. Tilt wall mounts need to extend further out from the wall to accommodate the tilting mechanism. A tilting mount is recommended when reflections from windows or lighting interfere with TV viewing or when multiple viewing angles are desired.
Fixed/low-profile. This is your basic TV wall mount consisting of a girder that attaches to the wall and two upright posts or a plate to connect to your flat-panel TV. The thinnest mounts only extend about an inch from the wall. This mount does not pan, tilt or rotate; it just hangs your flat-screen TV on the wall like a painting.
Swivel. With a swivel feature, you can change the tilt and angle to get the best view of your TV.
TV stands and entertainment centers
Material and finish. TV stands and entertainment centers are constructed of a variety of materials including solid wood, wood products (MDF, fiberboard) and metal. You should select the type of material based on durability and how the material of the stand complements your existing furniture. The stands also come in a variety of finishes, including black, cherry, maple and more.
Furniture style (contemporary, traditional, mission, rustic). Similar to other pieces of furniture, TV stands and entertainment furniture are designed in a variety of styles, including rustic, traditional, mission and contemporary. With a wide variety of styles, you can match your entertainment center or TV stands to your existing home décor.
Hardware and assembly. Most TV stands and entertainment centers require some level of assembly using the included directions from the manufacturer and the included hardware. Stands also include anti-tip brackets or other safety brackets to make sure your flat-panel TV is securely attached to the stand.
Create an organized way to bundle cables from various components that you place on or in your TV stand or entertainment center.
Built-in component shelving and media storage
Add flexibility and versatility to your entertainment furniture, giving you the ability to place additional components, media or decorative items on the stand.
If you want to be able to move the TV stand from room to room, built-in casters make it simple to roll the stand from place to place.
Material and finish. Media storage components are constructed of a variety of materials including solid wood, wood products (MDF, fiberboard) and metal. You should select the type of material based on durability and how the material of the stand complements your existing furniture. Media storage also comes in a variety of finishes, including black, cherry, maple and more.
Capacity. When choosing a media storage piece, consider how many CDs, DVDs and/or VHS tapes you have and match to the storage capacity of the media cabinet.
Hardware and assembly. Most media storage pieces require some level of assembly using the included instructions from the manufacturer and the included hardware. Most entertainment centers also include anti-tip brackets or other safety brackets to make sure your flat-panel TV is securely attached to the stand.
Material and finish. Wall mounts are constructed of metal for added strength and durability. They are usually black or silver so you can choose one that matches the color of your TV.
Hardware and installation Installing a wall mount requires locating a stud in the wall where you want to place your wall mount. Once you have chosen a location and located a stud, you can install your wall mount according to the manufacturer’s directions.
Cable management. Wall mounts with cable management hide A/V cables connecting your TV to a cable box or other components and eliminate unsightly cables hanging down the wall.
Antitheft TV lock. Locks are designed to secure your TV onto the mount to prevent theft by using bolts and/or padlocks.
Complement both your home décor and your TV with the addition of an entertainment center, TV stand, media storage or wall mount as part of your home theater setup.
When choosing your entertainment center, wall mount or media storage, remember the following:
Size and weight capacity of the stand
Whether you are looking to build a home theater, keep your style or conserve space
There are various types of entertainment furniture and storage units
There are various wall mount types
Important Considerations for Buying an Antenna
Whether indoor or outdoor, TV antennas provide a way to receive over-the-air digital signals, so you can watch digital programming without being hooked up to a cable or satellite box. Although there is not a difference between traditional antennas and the antennas used to receive high-definition signals, most manufacturers call their current antennas either digital antennas or high-definition antennas.
When looking at TV antennas, there are considerations before making your purchase. The most important are type, TV compatibility and frequency range.
Outdoor is usually better than indoor
Outdoor antennas have a better view of the transmitting station, with no signal loss caused by building interference. Outdoor antennas are not affected by interference from other household electronic/electrical appliances, and they are less likely to receive reflected ghost signals from your building.
Locate your antenna up high
You will want to place your TV antenna in the highest location possible so that it can receive the most direct signal from the TV transmitter. A higher location also reduces the interference of signals from other electronic and electric appliances in your home.
The larger an antenna, the more signal it is able to receive. Most larger antennas also are directional, which reduces ghosting caused by reflected signals from the side and rear of the receiving antenna.
One of the first decisions you will need to make is where the antenna is going to be placed. Antennas are available in indoor, outdoor and indoor/outdoor versions. Whether you choose indoor or outdoor may affect your ability to receive a strong enough signal from your local broadcast stations.
Indoor antennas are designed to be connected to your HDTV. Indoor antennas are placed indoors near the TV set. The antenna can be either a flat digital antenna or a more traditional style antenna with dipoles. While indoor antennas provide a quick connection to your HDTV without the outdoor installation, the signal reception can be weak because of the interference from walls, cordless phones and other household objects.
Outdoor antennas are often significantly larger than indoor antennas and are intended for mounting on a roof or in an attic. The antenna can be either a flat digital antenna or a more traditional style antenna with dipoles. Outdoor antennas usually perform better than indoor antennas because they are not affected by interference from household objects and do not have the height disadvantage of indoor antennas.
Indoor/outdoor antennas can be placed either indoors or outdoors to provide added installation flexibility.
Directional or multidirectional
Indoor and outdoor antennas can be directional or multidirectional. Directional antennas are designed to receive signals from one direction, while multidirectional or omnidirectional antennas are able to receive signals from all directions. Directional antennas are able to pull in signals from a greater distance because they focus in one direction, whereas multidirectional antennas are more likely to pick up noise, interference and distortion because they pull signals from multiple directions.
Deciding which type of antenna you need
The type of antenna you need depends on the distance your home is located from the broadcasting towers and on the environment in which you are installing the antenna. If you are located close to the broadcasting towers, you can usually receive signals with an indoor antenna. If you want to pick up more distant TV stations, an outdoor antenna will be required. The greater the distance, the more powerful the antenna you will need.
To determine the type of antenna to purchase, you need to determine which broadcasts are available in your area and which antenna will work based on your area. In determining the type of antenna, it is important to take into consideration your distance from the transmitting tower, whether there are large buildings around and the terrain.
In order to receive over-the-air HDTV signals, your TV must have a digital or ATSC tuner connected or be connected to an external digital tuner.
ATSC/digital tuner built in
Most TVs are now manufactured with a built-in ATSC or digital tuner. This tuner allows you to receive high-definition over-the-air signals with the addition of an external antenna.
NTSC/analog tuner built in — converter box or external ATSC tuner required
Older analog TV sets that were built prior to the conversion to digital TV have NTSC tuners built in. These tuners are not capable of receiving over-the-air high-definition TV signals. In addition to an antenna, a digital converter box or an external HDTV tuner is required for these TVs to receive over-the-air high-definition signals.
No tuner built in — external ATSC tuner required
These TVs have no tuner built in and are sometimes referred to as monitors. In addition to an antenna, an external HDTV tuner is required for these TVs to receive over-the-air high-definition signals.
Digital signals can be broadcast over two different frequency ranges: VHF (very high frequency) and UHF (ultra high frequency). Most of the high-definition TV broadcasts are currently in the UHF band which makes UHF coverage a must for any antenna purchase. However, a dual-band UHF/VHF antenna will let you receive both bands for added convenience.
The difference between UHF and VHF antennas is mainly size because antenna elements are built based on the size of the waves they receive. VHF frequencies are lower so a large antenna surface is needed to receive them.
Hardware and installation
Large outdoor antennas can be installed on a roof, a freestanding pole or in an attic. For best results, your antenna should have the clearest possible view of the transmitter tower. When aiming the antenna, use a compass to ensure your antenna is accurately and precisely oriented toward the signal source. Indoor antennas can be connected to your TV through a coaxial cable.
A signal amplifier can help to overcome size or height issues or to enhance the overall signal gain of an antenna. The amplifier can be built in, which is common with indoor antennas, or can be a separate device that installs in-line between the antenna and TV. An amplifier that installs on an outdoor antenna is often called a preamplifier.
Indoor versus outdoor placement?
Is your TV compatible with high-definition signals?
Signal strength at your location will help to determine the type and location of antenna
Outdoors is usually better than indoors
Higher placement is better
Saucepan. The perfect pan for making sauces, cooking or heating up veggies, making rice and soups and more. Probably the most used pan in any chef’s kitchen.
Sauté pan/Deep-fry skillet. You can use this type of pan for many different things, such as searing and browning foods over higher temps. The straight sides help reduce spattering.
Open French skillet. The slanted, more open sides make this a versatile pan for everything from sautéing and searing to frying, browning and simmering.
Griddle. Sausages, pancakes, burgers and veggies all cook up nicely on a griddle’s flat, even-heating surface. Also great for roasting chilies, and making tortillas and crepes.
Chef’s pan/saucier. This pan features sloped sides, which draw foods to the center of the pan and the flat bottom, making it perfect for reducing liquids, braising meats, making risotto and more.
Grill pan. The ridged grill surface separates the drippings from the meat and other foods so they absorb less oil, making this a healthy cooking option.
Stockpot. The deep container keeps ingredients submerged in the cooking liquid, and reduces liquid evaporation which is ideal when making stews and soups.
Roaster with rack. The elevated sides on a roasting pan help keep spatters down while the rack holds the food (meat, veggies, whatever you like) up and out of the drippings, which crisps the food. Sometimes it comes with a lid.
Stir-fry pan/Wok. This rounded pan heats food evenly and quickly, so it’s ideal for flash-cooking meats and veggies over higher heat. Also allows off-heat placement on sides of pan for classic stir-fry cooking.
Egg poacher. These nifty devices cook eggs in individual cups so they can be removed separately and at different times, according to each person’s taste.
Pressure cooker. An ultra-efficient way to prepare foods, the pressure cooker features a lid that locks and a valve that keeps the steam inside, reducing cooking times up to 70%. This keeps more nutrients—and flavor—intact.
Double boiler. It’s a two-chamber setup, featuring a water boiler in the bottom half, providing indirect heat to foods in the top half. This is the ideal way to melt chocolate or prepare delicate sauces. It usually comes with a lid.
You’ll find almost as many materials in pans as there are types of pans themselves. Different cooks like different materials, and different materials have different strengths and weaknesses. This handy chart from the kitchen experts at Gettington will help you make the right choice when purchasing your pans.
|Porcelain-Enameled cast iron||
By now you have a good idea about all the different types of pans, what they do, what they’re made of, and some of the plusses and minuses for each. Now here’s the final criterion to help you choose the best pans for your needs: how to care and clean for them.
Every cook wants to have his or her pans last a long time, and the proper care and cleaning can help you accomplish that. Here’s a care-and-cleaning checklist to consider, both when buying your cookware, and once you’ve got it in your kitchen.
- AVOID OVERHEATING. The general rule for keeping your cookware in good shape is to avoid overheating. It can cause discoloring and warping.
- WATCH THE HEAT. Once you’ve reached the peak cooking temperature for the food you’re cooking, reduce the heat right away. Many of today’s pans are made to heat quickly and evenly anyway, so you shouldn’t need too high a heat in most cases.
- USE SOFTER UTENSILS. Today’s non-stick surfaces are handy to cook with but scratch easily, so it’s best not to use metal and hard plastic utensils on them. Use wood, rubber or nylon for best care.
- DON’T BOIL DRY. Letting a pan boil down until it’s dry can discolor and warp the pan.
- CHECK THE FLAME. When using a gas flame burner make sure the flame doesn’t reach up over the sides of the pan. This can discolor the pan and cause damage to interior and exterior surfaces, including handles.
- Even though many pots and pans come as "dishwasher-safe", it’s a good idea to hand-wash them anyway. Dishwashers can dull the finish and harsh detergents can pit surfaces.
- Non-stick pans should never be cleaned with harsh scouring pads. Use dishcloths, soft sponges or plastic scrapers instead.
- For pans with rivets in the handles and elsewhere, be sure to clean around the rivet heads where small particles of food can gather and stick.
- Boilovers happen, and when they do, it’s important clean the entire pan, inside and out, with warm soapy water by hand. Particles of food that get lodged in the pan can become unsanitary (not to mention unsightly!), so be sure to give pans that have boiled over a good scrubbing.
- Hard water, acidic foods and salt can discolor a pan’s surface. Use a cleanser recommended for your type of pan to clean t6hese spots.
- If your pans have been overheated to the point of becoming discolored, there are high-quality stainless steel cleaners available to remove this type of stain.
Here are some helpful tips that can steer you in the right direction for all your cookware purchases at Gettington.
- First, review the information in this Cookware Buying Guide on types of pans, types of materials, and how each is used. This is the best starting point for understanding what you need and what you should get.
- Review the pans you already own, and decide what your real needs are. Do you want to complement the shapes and sizes you already have with ones you don’t? Are you replacing old or worn-out pans?
- Once you know what you’re missing and needing, you can compile a list of the pans you can start shopping for. Decide if a complete set makes sense, or an individual pan. Also, what is your budget? Can you get more expensive pieces, or will you need to economize?
- Once you’ve compiled your list, look for the types of pans and materials that will work best for your needs. For example, cast iron might be a great choice to fill a current need, but do you have storage for such a heavy pan?
- Think about sizes of pans; it’s a good idea to err on the high side—you can always boil 8 quarts of water in a 12-quart pan, but not the other way around!
- Consider handles. If a pan seems heavy when it’s empty, it’s going to be even heavier when it’s full of food. Get the type of handles you’re most comfortable with.
- Look at sets if you want a better bargain. Sets can often save you up to 30% or more compared to buying individual pieces.
- If you’re not buying a new set, and already have individual pieces you’re going to keep, remember: Most home cooks mix and match their cookware, with different styles and brands for different uses and needs.
- Once you have your new cookware, treat it with care and you’ll enjoy long-lasting use for each and every piece.
Bedding made from down is a popular choice, but for many people, it’s frequently misunderstood. Here is some helpful information to guide you in making the right choice about down bedding, especially compared to other materials like feathers.
What is down?
Down is nature’s insulation, it’s the undercoat found on waterfowl that traps warm air next to the bird’s skin. It keeps our feathery friends warm in winter and cool in summer—just how humans happen to like it, too. Each down cluster contains thousands of plumules—soft fibers going in all directions from a central point. Feathers, on the other hand, cover the body of a duck or goose and, unlike down, contain a hollow quill shaft that radiates filaments on a flat plane.
What’s the main difference between down and feathers?
Feathers protect the outside of the birds so they’re stronger and withstand exposure to the elements. So feathers are stiffer and more durable than down. Down, on the other hand, is softer and more lightweight. Goose down plumules are generally larger, loftier and stronger than duck down plumules.
What are the main uses of down?
Down is used as filler in pillows, throws, blankets, and most often in comforters. (It can be used in these applications in combination with feathers, too.) Sometimes, down is used in featherbeds, which are placed on top of mattresses.
What are the main benefits of down?
Down is one of the best natural insulators and can keep you toasty warm on even the coldest nights. Plus it’s very light, so you don’t need to smother yourself under multiple layers of heavy covers. In pillow form, down offers the plushest, cushiest comfort and flexibility. Many people believe down bedding is the most comfortable bedding you can buy.
How do I care for my down bedding?
Down is relatively easy to care for. Just follow these simple guidelines for long-lasting use and comfort:
- Fluff your down bedding daily to give it air flow, which helps down keep its loft.
- If using down only for winter, store it during the off-season in something that "breathes", like a mesh laundry bag. If it can’t breathe, it might mildew.
- Protect your down during use with a duvet or comforter cover—like a big pillowcase for your down. A down pillow should be covered like any other pillow with a pillow protector and pillowcase.
- Have your down professionally laundered every 3 to 5 years. You can machine launder most down, but be careful to follow the instructions on the label of the down bedding. But it’s easier and safer to have it done by a pro.
- Just like people, down enjoys a good breath of fresh air, so once in a while air out your down bedding out of doors. A clear, sunny day brings freshness to down.
What makes a pillow right for you? And how do you know when to replace an old pillow? These are just a few of the handy tips we’re providing for you here, to help you make the right pillow purchase at Gettington.
When is it time to retire my pillow?
- If your current pillow is uncomfortable in any way or doesn’t feel like it did when you bought it
- If your pillow is lumpy, flat, lost its shape or stained
- If your poor old pillow has "sprung a leak" and is losing its stuffing through holes or seams
What are pillows made of?
- Cotton. One of the most popular fills, it feels firmer and appears flatter than other fills
- Down. See our Down section for details about this remarkable natural fill. It’s exceptionally soft and fluffy. Fill power (number of ounces of down) matters; the higher the number, the better the quality
- Feathers. These are more durable than down and provide more support, but are flatter and don’t provide as much softness.
- Wool. It’s a great insulator and keeps you at a comfortable temperature, plus it wicks moisture away.
- Down-type synthetics. They may not be the real thing, but down-style synthetics are pretty nice and fluffy and imitate the softness of down without the cost…or potential allergens.
- Polyester. Three reasons polyester is so popular: It’s light, strong and durable. Five more reasons: It’s inexpensive, versatile, wrinkle-resistant, hypo-allergenic and washable.
- Foam. Great for supporting the neck, back and spine, foam is also synthetic so it’s a good choice for people with allergies. Foam pillows are designed to be ergonomic: shaped to evenly distribute pressure. Made of heat-sensitive foam that’s breathable, foam pillows mold to your body and keep your body temperature even for cozy, comfy sleeping. Look for our foam mattress pads, too, for a sleeping experience beyond compare.
What’s my best choice of pillow for the way I sleep?
A good night’s sleep has everything to do with keeping your neck and spine aligned. Your sleeping position tells you the most about what type of pillow you should use. Most people move around in their sleep, but you probably have a favorite position—usually stomach, back or side. Here’s how you can choose:
- Stomach: This is not the position that’s best for your neck’s comfort and health, but many people do tend to sleep on their stomachs. If you’re one of them, you can lessen the strain on your neck by choosing a flat pillow, with less fill, so it’s softer and lighter.
- Back: The best pillow for those who sleep on their backs is a medium-firm, average-fill pillow. It provides correct neck support and gives your head the right amount of softness.
- Side: A firm, extra-fill pillow is ideal for those who sleep on their sides. You get enough support so that your neck is correctly lined up with your spine, which is important for side-sleepers.
- Not sure or frequently change positions: If you’re unsure, it’s best to choose a pillow that’s soft enough to be fluffed/adjusted to give the comfort you want in various positions. Natural fill pillows do this well since they are very flexible.
How about the size of the pillow?
One factor in determining the size of the pillow that’s best is the size of your bed and/or current bedding. If your coordinated bedding has standard-sized pillowcases, for instance, you probably don’t want king-sized pillows—unless you also plan on replacing the bedding. However, you do have options: You don’t have to keep the pillow on the bed or dressed in a matching sheet set, for example. A new pillow that doesn’t fit your current set can be stored elsewhere, hidden behind other pillows, or you can go ahead and buy added pillowcases/shams that match or blend with your current bedding.
A twin bed doesn’t necessarily mean you can’t have a king pillow. Just keep your pillows in mind when working with your bedding.
- Standard: 20" x 26"
- Jumbo: 20" x 28"
- Queen: 20" x 30"
- King: 20" x 36"
How should I treat my new pillow?
- Pamper your new pillow by using a pillow protector as well as a pillowcase outside the protector.
- Wash the pillow frequently (unless instructions tell you otherwise). This helps prevent dust mites, mildew, perspiration, etc.
- Make sure you keep your pillow dry, after washing, and any other time it might get wet.
- Fluff your pillow by hand often, especially if you have natural fill in your pillows like down or cotton. You can also fluff most pillows in the dryer, which keeps "loft" in the fill.
Some things to remember about memory foam…
Memory foam is a squishy, soft, super-comfortable material that comes from super-secret NASA laboratories. Actually, that’s only partly true. NASA originally developed the space-age material, which is technically "visco-elastic" foam, for the astronauts. The idea was to make a material that would "know" the body temperature and weight of the person and then gently conform to his or her shape, providing perfect support for long periods of time, and particularly during lift-off and re-entry.
It worked so well that hospitals began ordering memory foam mattresses for patients who were bedridden, as well as burn victims who needed special comfort and support. Soon people realized memory foam would be ideal for home users, and shortly thereafter a Swedish company marketed the first models to consumers at large.
Check out our memory foam items throughout our bedding category.
What gets walked on all the time and yet gets a lot of respect and attention? Rugs, of course. The benefits rugs provide are many. They add cushion and comfort underfoot. They protect your floors from wear and tear. They make a home more inviting and colorful. They’re easy to install and can be moved from room to room, or even home to home. Best of all, a rug is an amazing decorator tool—you can change the look and feel of any room in a snap.
Here’s a list of rug fibers and the kind of performance you can expect from each:
Cotton: Smooth and soft finish, affordable, easy to clean and blots up spills well
Wool: Soft and durable, warms in winter and cools in summer, good for dirt-prone areas, needs occasional professional cleaning
Sisal: Natural coarse fiber ideal for high-traffic areas, works over wall-to-wall carpets, sensitive to moisture (don’t use liquid cleaners)
Jute: Strong East Indian fiber is softer than sisal, easy to vacuum and shake out, also sensitive to moisture
Bamboo: Hollow tropical grass lies flat, provides smooth texture, affordable
Synthetics: These include olefin, polyester, acrylic, nylon, or blends of these; mimics the look of natural fibers at a fraction of their cost; stain-resistant, durable, easy to clean
The first thing you should consider when buying rugs is where it will be used. Here are some helpful suggestions according to the area you’re considering:
- High traffic areas. Be sure to get one of the more durable-fiber rugs. (See more on fibers below.)
- Dog-lounging areas. If Fido loves to lounge in the area you’ll be placing your rug, choose a color that is least likely to show the pup’s fur.
- Game rooms and other areas where spills might occur. Look for something stain resistant and easy to clean.
- Baby areas. If your infant or toddler is likely to be crawling in the area of your rug, get a rug that’s softer to the touch (for baby’s sensitive skin) and easy to clean.
- High-traffic NON-stain areas. Look for rugs made of hemp, jute, sisal or polyester.
- Stain-prone areas. Cotton, nylon, olefin and wool rugs are best for stain control.
- Where you need softness. Cotton, silk, wool, acrylic and polyester are your best bets for soft feel.
Rugs come in many shapes and sizes. Here are some of the main rug shapes you’ll find at Gettington:
- Rectangle (shape visual)
- Octagon (shape visual)
- Round (shape visual)
- Square (shape visual)
- Wedge (shape visual)
- Oval (shape visual)
Small – usually about 4’ x 6’, great for entryways and smaller conversation areas
Medium – around 6’ x 9’, used in smaller bedrooms, home offices, small seating areas
Large – typically 8’ x 10’ or larger, for gathering areas, furniture groupings, or larger rooms like master bedrooms
By following a few practical tips, you can keep your rugs in good shape and help them last a long time.
Vacuum often. Regular vacuuming is good for most rugs, but be careful you don’t beat it to death with your vacuum’s beater bar. Either turn off the bar’s rotation or raise it high enough to avoid too much pounding. Make frequent passes in areas where you have high traffic. Rugs with fringes on the edge should be vacuumed carefully so you don’t rip or remove the fringes altogether. You can also sweep your rug with a broom, which not only cleans but protects as well as shines your rug.
Spills and stains. No rug is entirely stain-proof, and it’s almost certain you’ll spill something on a rug sometime. If your rug is washable, then cleanup is easier. Just follow the care instructions to wash away the spill or stain. If the stained rug is large, however, you’ll have to spot clean the area of the spill. When an accident happens, act fast: Scoop up as much of the spilled substance as possible, then blot the area (don’t rub!) with a paper towel or other clean, white cloth. Smaller spills can be cleaned more easily by adding a little water to dilute the stain, but only use a little. Food and drink stains can usually be cleaned with a mild, non-bleach detergent that’s diluted a bit. But oil-based stains should be treated with dry-cleaning solvents. Ink stains are best treated with hairspray. And dog “deposits” are handled best with the following process: Scoop up what you can. Blot liquid with a clean cloth. Apply a solution of mild, non-bleach detergent. Blot again and allow to dry. Spray with a little water and blot again. Apply white vinegar solution (one tablespoon of vinegar with one cup of warm water), then blot and dry again. If that doesn’t work, you may have to call a professional.
Wear and tear. Any rug exposed to sunlight will fade over time, so if it’s possible to place your rugs away from the sunlight, it’s a good idea to do so. Window coverings are also helpful in keeping sunlight off your rugs. Also, occasionally rotating your rugs will help spread out the effects of wear and keep it looking nicer, longer. If you can’t rotate your rug 180 degrees, try repositioning it to extend its life. Heavy furniture can crush your rug, so it’s wise to use those little protective discs under the legs of furniture to avoid damage. Finally, sliding a pad under a rug can help extend its life as well. Plus pads can stabilize rugs to prevent bunching and slipping. And you give your rugs a little breathing room when you use a pad, too, which helps absorb noise.
Look at a towel very closely and you’ll see a zillion little loops. These are what dry you off. They work by basically brushing you off, which whisks the moisture away from your skin—sort of like a squeegee on a window. So it makes sense that the more loops the towel has per square inch, the more drying power it has to absorb moisture. And that makes you drier. Yarns that are finer mean more loops per square inch, and the longer the loop, the more absorbent as well. Sheared (velour) loops make a towel softer, but not nearly as absorbent, so they don’t dry very well.
You’ll find everything from Egyptian cotton to microfiber to velour in towels. But cotton is truly king when it comes to performance and feel. You see, cotton is hydrophilic. Translation: It has a strong affinity for water! So cotton absorbs and removes water from your body better than many synthetic fibers. Combed, long staple cotton fibers like Pima, Supima and Egyptian generally shed less lint. Microfiber towels are a relatively recent innovation in the textile world, and many microfiber styles provide plush softness and excellent absorption. Microfiber towels are often used in washing and drying objects that have sensitive surfaces; they’re preferred when you don’t want to leave streaks on the surface.
The best bet for most people is to look for towels that are 100% cotton. Purchase towels made from Pima, Supima or Egyptian cotton for long-lasting value. Also, it’s best to choose towels with thick, dense loops, and the longer the better. Look for secure stitching and tight weaving on the towel’s edges. You can get better quality towels that measure up to 30” wide and 50” long or even bigger. And when you’re buying towels, it’s usually a good rule of thumb to buy twice as many washcloths as towels. Hand towels and bath towels are usually bought in the same quantity. Here’s another handy tip: When you find towels that are the style and color you like, buy a few extras, so when it starts to fade or one gets lost or worn out, you can quickly replace it with a perfect match.
For starters, it’s a good idea to wash your towels once before starting to use them. Another handy tip is to add one-half cup, or a whole cup, of white vinegar to the first wash. This will help set the color dyes so your towels hold their colors longer. It’s a good idea to wash towels in soft water and the proper detergent, without using bleach. And despite the popularity of fabric softeners, it’s not a good idea to use them in the dryer with your towels; they reduce the towel’s absorbency over time.
Pinch-pleat draperies are already pleated; these draperies have fullness built right in. A few things you need know in order to hang Pinch-pleat Draperies in your home:
- You need a traverse rod to pull open and closed, as well as slip-in hooks to hang
- For length:
- 63 inches gives a more casual look and the drapes will hang above the floor.
- 84 inches gives a more formal look and is hung approximately ½ inches off the floor.
- Order pinch-pleat draperies at least 12 inches wider than your winder. For example, if your window is 36 inches wide, order draperies at least 48 inches wide.
Order rod-pocket winder coverings 1 ½ to 3 times the width of your window for desired fullness. For example, if your window is 60 inches wide and the panels you are buying are also 60 inches wide, you need to order 2 panels to have two times the width of your window.
Tab-top panels are generally not as shirred as rod-pocket panels. Tab-top panels look best when hung on a decorative rod, sine the rod will show between the tabs. Order panels approximately 1 – 1 ½ times the width of your window.
Top treatments, or Valances, are typically rod-pocket construction. They often have a 3 inch pocket which requires a continental curtain rod. Order items 1 – 1 ½ to 3 times the width of your window for desired fullness. Pouf or balloon valances may be hung with or without stuffing. Tissue-paper or plastic-bag stuffing creates fullness.